NoMorePython2 - Yocto Project


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No More Python 2!

Problem Statement

Python 2 is in maintenance mode and everyone should shift to Python 3. We've made the move in OpenEmbedded Core so that core-image-sato doesn't pull in Python 2, but Python 2 is still needed during the build.

There are two ways in which Python 2 is needed:

  1. Use of /usr/bin/python on the host
  2. Explicit dependency on python-native


To be able to build first core-image-sato and then world of OpenEmbedded Core without Python 2 being present on the host, or being built via python-native.


To find implicit dependencies on the build host having Python 2, one option is to just remove Python 2 from your build host. Whilst this works, unless you're building inside a container this might not be feasible. The next best thing is to make the binary not executable briefly for the test builds. Sadly you can't remove Python 2 from HOSTTOOLS as several upstreams will explicitly poke around /usr/bin looking for a Python to run.

To find recipes that depend on python-native then simply build an image/world/whatever with -g and search the resulting For example, building core-image-sato for intel-corei7-64 results in:

"core-image-sato.do_build" -> "bmap-tools-native.do_build"
"bmap-tools-native.do_prepare_recipe_sysroot" -> "python-native.do_populate_sysroot"

So, an image depends on bmap-tools-native which depends on Python 2.

Patches, from ready to submit to utter hacks, are being collected in poky-contrib:ross/nopy2.



  • bmaptool
  • texinfo-dummy-native

Patches Ready

  • ca-certificates (in ross/nopy2)
  • libsoup
  • grub
  • pseudo
  • ninja

To Review

  • xcb-proto (do all callers use py3)


  • python3-pycairo (new upstream uses distutils)
  • webkitgtk
  • ovmf
  • eglinfo-x11 eglinfo-fb (waf update?)
    • Waf uses Python 2 by default
    • Add waf-native to oe-core
    • Extend waf class to invoke waf-native using Python 3
    • Use waf class in recipe
  • SCons (scons 3 is working towards py3)

Needs Python 2, actively refuses to use Python 3

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