Transcript: from git checkout to qemu desktop

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Here's a cut-and-paste shell session showing one way to do a start-from-scratch git checkout and build, the end result being a sato desktop in a qemu session (commands also shown for that).

NOTE: this transcript was from a build done on a Ubuntu 10.04 system. Please see the 'Yocto Project Quickstart' for the packages required to be installed on the host system for building [1]

One thing to note with this example is that I'm checking out from poky/edison.

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev$ mkdir Yocto
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev$ cd Yocto/
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ git init
Initialized empty Git repository in /usr/local/dev/Yocto/.git/
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ git remote add yocto git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky.git
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ git remote update
Fetching yocto
remote: Counting objects: 134438, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (39702/39702), done.
remote: Total 134438 (delta 93915), reused 131102 (delta 91225)
Receiving objects: 100% (134438/134438), 75.48 MiB | 1.70 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (93915/93915), done.
From git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky
 * [new branch]      1.1_M1     -> yocto/1.1_M1
 * [new branch]      1.1_M2     -> yocto/1.1_M2
 * [new branch]      1.1_M3     -> yocto/1.1_M3
 * [new branch]      1.1_M4     -> yocto/1.1_M4
 * [new branch]      1.2_M1     -> yocto/1.2_M1
 * [new branch]      1.2_M2     -> yocto/1.2_M2
 * [new branch]      1.2_M3     -> yocto/1.2_M3
 * [new branch]      bernard    -> yocto/bernard
 * [new branch]      blinky     -> yocto/blinky
 * [new branch]      clyde      -> yocto/clyde
 * [new branch]      edison     -> yocto/edison
 * [new branch]      elroy      -> yocto/elroy
 * [new branch]      green      -> yocto/green
 * [new branch]      laverne    -> yocto/laverne
 * [new branch]      master     -> yocto/master
 * [new branch]      pinky      -> yocto/pinky
 * [new branch]      purple     -> yocto/purple
 * [new tag]         1.1_M1.final -> 1.1_M1.final
 * [new tag]         1.1_M2.final -> 1.1_M2.final
 * [new tag]         1.1_M2.rc3 -> 1.1_M2.rc3
 * [new tag]         1.1_M3.final -> 1.1_M3.final
 * [new tag]         1.1_M3.rc3 -> 1.1_M3.rc3
 * [new tag]         1.2_M1.final -> 1.2_M1.final
 * [new tag]         1.2_M1.rc2 -> 1.2_M1.rc2
 * [new tag]         1.2_M2.final -> 1.2_M2.final
 * [new tag]         1.2_M2.rc1 -> 1.2_M2.rc1
 * [new tag]         1.2_M3.rc1 -> 1.2_M3.rc1
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0.2+docs -> bernard-5.0.2+docs
 * [new tag]         pinky-3.1.2 -> pinky-3.1.2
From git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky
 * [new tag]         1.1_M1.rc1 -> 1.1_M1.rc1
 * [new tag]         1.1_M1.rc2 -> 1.1_M1.rc2
 * [new tag]         1.1_M2.rc1 -> 1.1_M2.rc1
 * [new tag]         1.1_M2.rc2 -> 1.1_M2.rc2
 * [new tag]         1.1_M3.rc2 -> 1.1_M3.rc2
 * [new tag]         1.1_M4.rc2+ -> 1.1_M4.rc2+
 * [new tag]         1.1_M4.rc3 -> 1.1_M4.rc3
 * [new tag]         1.1_M4.rc4 -> 1.1_M4.rc4
 * [new tag]         1.2_M1.rc1 -> 1.2_M1.rc1
 * [new tag]         bernard-1.0rc1 -> bernard-1.0rc1
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0 -> bernard-5.0
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0-alpha -> bernard-5.0-alpha
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0.1 -> bernard-5.0.1
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0.2 -> bernard-5.0.2
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0rc1 -> bernard-5.0rc1
 * [new tag]         bernard-5.0rc2 -> bernard-5.0rc2
 * [new tag]         edison-6.0 -> edison-6.0
 * [new tag]         laverne-4.0 -> laverne-4.0
 * [new tag]         laverne-4.0.1 -> laverne-4.0.1
 * [new tag]         m4         -> m4
 * [new tag]         purple-3.2 -> purple-3.2
 * [new tag]         purple-3.2.1 -> purple-3.2.1

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ git checkout -b edison-cur yocto/edison
Branch edison-cur set up to track remote branch edison from yocto.
Switched to a new branch 'edison-cur'
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ ls
bitbake        LICENSE  meta-demoapps  meta-yocto         README           scripts
documentation  meta     meta-skeleton  oe-init-build-env  README.hardware
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ source oe-init-build-env 
You had no conf/local.conf file. This configuration file has therefore been
created for you with some default values. You may wish to edit it to use a 
different MACHINE (target hardware) or enable parallel build options to take 
advantage of multiple cores for example. See the file for more information as 
common configuration options are commented.

The Yocto Project has extensive documentation about OE including a reference manual
which can be found at:
    http://yoctoproject.org/documentation

For more information about OpenEmbedded see their website:
    http://www.openembedded.org/ 

You had no conf/bblayers.conf file. The configuration file has been created for
you with some default values. To add additional metadata layers into your
configuration please add entries to this file.

The Yocto Project has extensive documentation about OE including a reference manual
which can be found at:
    http://yoctoproject.org/documentation

For more information about OpenEmbedded see their website:
    http://www.openembedded.org/
 
 

### Shell environment set up for builds. ###

You can now run 'bitbake <target>' 

Common targets are:
    core-image-minimal
    core-image-sato
    meta-toolchain
    meta-toolchain-sdk
    adt-installer
    meta-ide-support 

You can also run generated qemu images with a command like 'runqemu qemux86'


trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build$ cd conf
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/conf$ ls
bblayers.conf  local.conf

Change only the following variables in local.conf, it makes the build go faster depending on how many CPUs you have. I have 4, with HT, so I'm changing my values to 8:

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/conf$ emacs -nw local.conf
BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "8"
PARALLEL_MAKE = "-j 8"

Since this is your first build, it won't matter - it will take awhile regardless, but for later builds, to avoid re-downloading all the packages again, you can point the DL_DIR variable in local conf to the downloads dir of a previous build. Continuing the session...

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev$ cd Yocto/
trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto$ source oe-init-build-env 

### Shell environment set up for builds. ###

You can now run 'bitbake <target>'

Common targets are:
    core-image-minimal
    core-image-sato
    meta-toolchain
    meta-toolchain-sdk
    adt-installer
    meta-ide-support

You can also run generated qemu images with a command like 'runqemu qemux86'

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build$ bitbake core-image-sato
Loading cache: 100% |######################################################################| ETA:  00:00:00
Loaded 1041 entries from dependency cache. 

OE Build Configuration:
BB_VERSION        = "1.13.3"
TARGET_ARCH       = "i586"
TARGET_OS         = "linux"
MACHINE           = "qemux86"
DISTRO            = "poky"
DISTRO_VERSION    = "1.1.1"
TUNE_FEATURES     = "m32 i586"
TARGET_FPU        = ""
meta              
meta-yocto        = "edison-cur:939ec1ca1eb428f536e324cc61f1d8afe6e60775"

NOTE: Resolving any missing task queue dependencies
NOTE: Preparing runqueue
NOTE: Executing SetScene Tasks
NOTE: Executing RunQueue Tasks
NOTE: Running task 4488 of 4490 (ID: 8, /usr/local/dev/Yocto/meta/recipes-sato/images/core-image-sato.bb, do_rootfs)
NOTE: package core-image-sato-1.0-r0: task do_rootfs: Started
NOTE: package core-image-sato-1.0-r0: task do_rootfs: Succeeded
NOTE: Running noexec task 4490 of 4490 (ID: 5, /usr/local/dev/Yocto/meta/recipes-sato/images/core-image-sato.bb, do_build)
NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 4490 tasks of which 4488 didn't need to be rerun and 0 failed.

The build succeeded so you can now boot the kernel and rootfs into a graphical desktop:

trz@elmorro:/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build$ runqemu qemux86

Continuing with the following parameters:
KERNEL: [/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/tmp/deploy/images/bzImage-qemux86.bin]
ROOTFS: [/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/tmp/deploy/images/core-image-sato-qemux86.ext3]
FSTYPE: [ext3]
Setting up tap interface under sudo
[sudo] password for trz: 
Acquiring lockfile for tap0...
Starting distccd...
Running qemu...
/usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/tmp/sysroots/x86_64-linux/usr/bin/qemu -kernel  /usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/tmp/deploy/images/bzImage-qemux86.bin -net nic,vlan=0 -net tap,vlan=0,ifname=tap0,script=no,downscript=no -hda /usr/local/dev/Yocto/build/tmp/deploy/images/core-image-sato-qemux86.ext3 -show-cursor -usb -usbdevice wacom-tablet -vga vmware -enable-gl -no-reboot -m 128 --append "vga=0 root=/dev/hda rw mem=128M ip=192.168.7.2::192.168.7.1:255.255.255.0 oprofile.timer=1 "
Enabling opengl
vmsvga_value_write: guest runs Linux.
Set 'tap0' nonpersistent
Releasing lockfile of preconfigured tap device 'tap0'
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